Energy consumption is appraised as an indicator of socio-economic development throughout the world. Rwanda's energy policy has planned to reach the level of 563 MW electricity production by 2018 which will fulfil the population's demand by 70% and decrease the dependence on fuel wood. 

The Government of Rwanda acknowledges that the availability of efficient and reliable energy supply is a pre-requisite for social prosperity, human development and economic growth. These are also the key objectives of Rwanda’s Vision 2020 whose overarching goal is to transform the country into a middle income economy by improving its competitiveness while ensuring unity and inclusive growth.

The mission of the Rwanda energy sector is to create conditions for the provision of safe, reliable, efficient, cost-effective and environmentally appropriate energy services to households and to all economic sectors on a sustainable basis.

As the Energy Sector constitutes a critical input on economic sectors like manufacturing, construction, mining and agro-processing; the government has fully recognized that the availability of reliable power supply is not only a pre-requisite for economic growth but also for social prosperity and human development.

The regulated energy sector in Rwanda consists of four components namely electricity, renewable energy, gas and petroleum. Rwanda’s power supply is currently made up of domestic power generating facilities and importation from neighboring countries. 

RURA, in its mandate to regulate the Energy sector, is required to support the ongoing socio-economic transformation and poverty eradication through ensuring sufficient, reliable, affordable and sustainable energy supply.

Currently, serious and dedicated efforts have been undertaken, to develop the energy sector, to increase generation, improve transmission and distribution, diversify the energy sources, to reduce costs and elaborate a conducive legal and regulatory framework.

 The energy sector is moving fast and it is at the same time, more stable and harmonized than before. All stakeholders, ranging from the central and local governments to private companies and development partners, have committed themselves to contributing to the development of the sector.