RURA mandate in water sub-sector is to regulate the provision of water services in a way that promotes fair competition, sustainable and efficient use of water resources and to ensure that water service providers offer a good quality of service in regards to drinking water.
The responsibility of the water and sanitation regulation unit is to licensing water service providers, monitor compliance by licensees with laws and standards as well as license terms and conditions, ensure the quality of service in water service delivery, monitor performances of service providers, advise the Government on policies relating to water, perform audits and inspections to water service providers to assess the service provision.
The outcomes of Audits and Inspections to water service providers may be:
i.2. Current Situation
The water service provision in Rwanda is subdivided into two main components:
• Urban: The water service provision in urban areas of Rwanda is provided by WASAC (Water and sanitation Corporation Ltd). WASAC is a public utility that is licensed to operate and manage water treatment plants and distribution networks within urban and peri-urban areas.
• Rural: The water service provision in rural areas is provided by Private Operators under management contracts with Districts in the form of Public-Private-Partnerships. These companies and cooperatives are licensed to operate within determined service areas other than urban and peri-urban areas.
The national policy is to bring efficiency and effective management in water supply services and the strategy is to involve the private sector through PPP contracts to improve service delivery and attract professionals and private investments in the sector dominated by the government.
i.3. Legal and Regulatory framework
The following are tools that help the regulation of water:
Water Legislation and Policy instruments: