RURA’s mandate, among other things, within the ICT sector is to license, monitor and enforce license obligations, manage scarce resources, advise policy makers on ICT related issues and represent Rwanda in international organizations on issues pertaining to ICT.

The ICT sector regulation in Rwanda includes: Media and Postal regulation, ICT Standards and Quality of Service regulation and ICT Scarce Resources Management and Monitoring.

The Media and Postal regulation aims at developing the media and postal industry, and at ensuring effective internet resources management and governance.

In ICT Standards and Quality of Service regulation, RURA oversees the regulatory and standardization aspects to be observed by both consumers and network/service providers. RURA also strives to bridge the digital divide by advancing the use of ICT-based networks, services and applications, enhance security and build confidence in the use of ICT resources.

The ICT sector in Rwanda recorded a general growth in terms of subscriptions, revenues and investments since its liberalization in Rwanda. Despite the revocation of RWANDATEL mobile license in April 2011, the licensing of an additional telecom operator (Bharti AIRTEL) in September 8th 2011 has brought about more competition in the sector as well as more and more affordable telecom services in Rwanda. Airtel pledged to invest US$ 100 Million in its operations over the next three years. More than USD 11 Million were already invested by June 2012.

With three major operators in mobile telephony which are MTN Rwandacell Ltd, TIGO Rwanda Ltd and AIRTEL Rwanda Ltd, the penetration rate continued to grow while the fixed telephony provided by RWANDATEL growth remained almost stagnant.