The importance of adequate water supply and sanitation services as drivers for social and economic development, poverty reduction and public health is fully acknowledged in Rwanda’s flagship policy documents and political goals. 

Rwanda ‘s overall development objectives and planning tools are driven by the Vision 2020, EDPRS, Government 7 years program and SDGs. The Government of Rwanda has set an  ambition to improve the quality of life of its population by provision of adequate water supply and sanitation services. It is evident that the lack of basic services such as water supply and sanitation leads to poverty and underdevelopment. 

The EDPRS 2 which runs from 2012/13- 2017/18 has set very ambitious targets for the water supply and sanitation sector, aiming to reach 100% coverage rate by 2017. It has prioritized water supply and sanitation services in the thematic themes as a critical service that can contribute significantly to attainment of the growth needed for Rwanda. 

Sanitation issues needs to be observed as an integrated development strategy because inadequate sanitation services are detrimental to the health and well-being of the population. Water supply and sanitation are inextricably linked as part of the broader development process.

RURA mandate in water sub-sector is to regulate the provision of water services in a way that promotes fair competition, sustainable and efficient use of water resources and to ensure that water service providers offer a good quality of service in regards to drinking water.

The authority has also to ensure  that the sanitation sub-sector is effectively promoted through regulation of sanitation services. Sanitation regulation consists of establishing regulatory tools necessary for the sound regulation of sanitation services in Rwanda, licensing sanitation service provision, monitor compliance by licensees with license terms and conditions through audits and inspections conducted to sanitation service providers and analyze reports from sanitation service providers.